Quick Answer: What Was The Main Occupation During The Mahajanapada Period?

What was the social system during the Mahajanapada period?

The caste system was prevalent and was gradually hardening into extreme conservatism, but during the period of the Sixteen Mahajanapadas the caste division did not give rise to any class animosity.

Although marriage within one’s own caste was generally preferred, yet there was no bar to inter-caste marriages..

Who paid taxes in Mahajanapadas?

Farmers were the main source of taxes. One-sixth of the farm produce was collected as tax. This was known as the bhaga or share. A craftsperson had to pay taxes in the form of free labor.

What were the causes behind the rise of Janapadas?

The rise of Janpadas is mainly attributed to the establishment of settled agriculture communities. The development of an agriculture based economy led to increase in crops and cattle wealth coupled with use of iron in technology.

What is new name of Magadh?

MagadhaKingdom of MagadhaTerritorial expansion of the Magadha empires 6th century BCE onwardsCapitalRajagriha (Girivraj) Later, Pataliputra (modern-day Patna)Common languagesOld Indo-Aryan (e.g. Magadhi Prakrit, other Prakrits, Sanskrit)ReligionHinduism Buddhism Jainism15 more rows

Why did people have to pay taxes in Mahajanapadas?

Taxes were collected in Mahajanapadas from the common people to build the infrastructure of the city and to maintain big armies for the protection of the city. Taxes from the crops were the most important source of revenue for the king’s officials. The crops tax was fixed at 1/6th of the produce or bhaga (share).

What are 16 Janapadas?

The list below provides you with the names of 16 Mahajanapadas:Kasi.Kosala.Anga.Magadha.Vajji.Malla.Chedi.Vatsa.More items…•

What is the difference between the Mahajanapadas and the Empire?

Answer: In Mahajanapadas, the kingdom consisted of 10 to 20 cities or towns or 30 to 50 villages and these were ruled by the Maharaja’s of that particular region. In an empire, the kingdom could be a major part of a country or the whole country or more than one countries of present day.

What does the word janapada literally mean?

What does the word janapada literally mean? Ans2. The word janapadas literally means ‘the land where the jana set their foot and settled down.

Why was agriculture the main occupation of many of the Mahajanapadas?

Taxes were the most ideal means to collect a large sum of money on a regular basis. So, the raja needed to collect taxes. Who were the largest contributors towards taxes in a mahajanapada? … Answer: Since the main occupation was agriculture, hence farmers were the largest contributors towards taxes.

Which janapada is most powerful?

Before Buddha, Kasi was the most powerful of the sixteen Mahajanapadas.

What kind of money was used in trade in Mahajanapadas?

Question-12) What kind of money was used for trade in the mahajanapadas? Answer) Money in the form of punch marked coins made of copper & silver, began to be used in trade.

How many crops were usually grown in a year in a Mahajanapadas?

Two cropsAt the Purana Quila in Delhi and at sites such as Hastinapur and Atranjikhera in UP. 3. How many crops were usually grown in a year in a mahajanapada? Two crops were usually grown ina year.

What were the two types of Mahajanapadas?

The 2 types of Mahajanapadas are monarchies and republics.

Who were Mahajanapadas what was special in them?

​​Monarchical Mahajanapadas were those places where the head of the kingdom, or the king, was hereditary. They were sixteen in number. Magadha, Koshala, Avanti, etc., were some of the important monarchical mahajanapadas.

Which was the most powerful kingdom in Mahajanapadas?

Magadha EmpireThe Magadha Empire ruled in India from 684 BC- 320 BC. It is also mentioned in the Mahabharata and the Ramayana. It was the most powerful amongst the sixteen mahajanapadas. The empire was established by king Brihadratha.

How many Janpads are there in ancient history?

The Vedic period reaches from the late Bronze Age into the Iron Age: from about 1500 BCE to the 6th century BCE. With the rise of sixteen Mahajanapadas (“great janapadas”), most of the states were annexed by more powerful neighbours, although some remained independent.

Who was the last Nanda king?

Dhana NandaDhana Nanda (died c. 321 BCE), whose name literally means “Wealthy Nanda”, according to the Buddhist text Mahabodhivamsa, was the last ruler of the Nanda dynasty of ancient India. He was the youngest of the eight brothers of the dynasty’s founder Ugrasena (also known as Mahapadma Nanda).

Why did the king of Mahajanapadas need armies?

The Rajas of Mahajanapadas needed resources to build forts and maintain armies of soldiers. They couldn’t depend on the occasional gifts brought by people. Hence, they started collecting resources from Janas by means of regular taxes. …

What is Mahajanapadas history?

The Mahajanapadas were a set of sixteen kingdoms that existed in ancient India. It all began when the tribes (janas) of the late Vedic period decided to form their own territorial communities, which eventually gave rise to new and permanent areas of settlements called ‘states’ or ‘janapadas.

What were Mahajanapadas name any four of them?

Answer. mahajanapada is a Sanskrit word which means “Great Kingdoms “(from Maha, “great “and janapada “foot of a tribe”,”country “. some names of mahajanapada are Kasi, Kosala, Anga, malla.

Who was the most important janapada?

2. Aryans were the most influential tribes and were called as ‘janas’. This gave rise to the term Janapada where Jana means ‘people’ and Pada means ‘foot’.